Testicular Cancer Facts and Prevention

Testicular Cancer Facts and Prevention

Taking Control of Your Health

Cancer is most curable in its early stages. At the Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute, we know that routine screenings save lives every day. Advocate for your health and talk with a health care provider about a testicular examination.

Early Detection

Regular self-exams will help you become familiar with what is normal and what is different for your body.

Who can get testicular cancer?

  • Men ages 20-54 are the most likely age group to develop testicular cancer.
  • Any man can develop testicular cancer, although there are certain factors that increase your risk.
  • Risk factors include:
    • History of an undescended testicle.
    • A history of testicular cancer increases the risk for developing cancer in the other testicle.
    • HIV infection.
    • A family history of testicular cancer.

What are the symptoms of testicular cancer?

  • A painless lump or swelling in a testicle.
  • An enlarged testicle, or a change in the way a testicle feels.
  • A dull ache in the lower abdomen or groin.
  • A feeling of heaviness or pain in the scrotum.
  • Swelling or tenderness of the breast.

This information is intended to serve as a guideline only. Screening needs vary for each individual depending on your overall cancer risk. Please consult with a health care professional to decide which screenings are right for you and to make an informed decision.

Download the PDF of testicular cancer facts and prevention

More Information

If you would like to learn more about any of these topics call the Patient & Community Education department at 1-800-527-6266.