Population Studies and Disparities - Arab American Cancer Research

Arab American Cancer Research

Distribution and Determinants of Cancer Risk, Survivorship and Outcomes in Middle Eastern/Arab Americans

Middle Eastern/Arab Americans represent a large, heterogeneous and quickly growing population in the U.S. Health statistics for this group are difficult to find because Arab is not a recognized category for race/ethnicity by the U.S. Census. Program members have developed and validated a naming algorithm to enhance research in a population that makes up a large portion of our catchment area. This algorithm has a positive predictive value of 91% and a negative predictive value of 100%. Using this approach in SEER data in metropolitan Detroit, California and New Jersey, we find that Arab American men and women had similar incidence rates across the three regions and rates were comparable to non-Hispanic, non-Arab whites. Among women, however, rates of thyroid were elevated; among men, rates of bladder cancer we elevated. Arab American men also had lower overall rates of cancer and rates of prostate and lung cancer than African Americans, but higher incidence than Hispanics. To evaluate the excess rate of thyroid cancer among Arab American women, program members compared risk factors to non-Hispanic white women with this disease. Arab American women had significantly higher exposures to dental x-rays and medical radiation than non-Hispanic white women.

  • Lead Researcher: Dr. Schwartz

The Latest From Karmanos Cancer Institute

News

Beating back cancer

“To hear that was a godsend.” It was a familiar face that delivered the news to Lori. It was Nov. 29, and Lori was sitting in the McLaren Oakland ...

Read More

Johanna’s Legacy: Tribute gift supports better treatments for ovarian cancer

Give women the facts and they will take care of their health. That’s the premise behind the philanthropic drive of Sheryl Silver, a leading nation...

Read More

Time to Do a Skin Check

“Right now is a good time to take inventory of your skin.” There was plenty of sun in Michigan this summer. Spending more time outdoors and enjoyi...

Read More
News

ACS CAN Michigan Candid Connection, August 2021 — April Brown

Listen Now

Dr. Al Hallak on alcohol and cancer with WJR

Listen Now

ACS CAN MI CANdid Connection, July 2021 — Anthony Shields, M.D.

Listen Now